Both of these accounts were brief, lacking a full transcription. Those only can appreciate it who saw her powerful form, her whole-souled, earnest gesture, and listened to her strong and truthful tones. Through the use of maternal appeals, rhetorical questions, and biblical allusions Sojourner Truth is able to get her point across. And a'n't I a woman? Historian Jean Fagan Yellin argued in 1989 that this motto served as inspiration for Sojourner Truth, who was well aware of the great difference in the level of oppression of white versus black women. Sojourner Truth was an African-American feminist and abolitionist. View Sojourner Truth Speech.docx from ENGLISH 1547-1 at Hart High School. I tink dat 'twixt de niggers of de Souf and de womin at de Norf, all talkin' 'bout rights, de white men will be in a fix pretty soon. It is also one that underlies our nation’s multiple perspectives; connecting the issues of gender and race addressed in the speech to contemporary social issues and the politics of language. volume (New-Lisbon, Ohio), 21 June 1851. Sojourner Truth was an African American evangelist and reformer active in the abolitionist and women’s rights movements. Get to know the story of Sojourner Truth, a woman born into slavery who became known as a powerful orator and outspoken activist. This later, better known and more widely available version has been the one referenced by most historians. by Sojourner Truth Delivered 1851 at the Women's Convention in Akron, Ohio Well, children, where there is so much racket there must be something out of kilter. In 1826 she escaped to New York City with … Turning again to another objector, she took up the defense of Mother Eve. In that same year, she started dictating her memoirs to Olive Gilbert. "[21], This article is about the speech by Sojourner Truth. Look at me! The tumult subsided at once, and every eye was fixed on this almost Amazon form, which stood nearly six feet high, head erect, and eyes piercing the upper air like one in a dream. Truth then launches into the meat of her speech. I have borne thirteen chilern, and seen 'em mos' all sold off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother's grief, none but Jesus heard me! (2) to rectify this historical oversight and to dispel the many misconceptions due to Francis Gage's inaccurate portrayal of Sojourner. Her given name was Isabella Baumfree, but she chose to go by Sojourner Truth after gaining her freedom in … She intersects axes of analysis and questions the dominant image of femininity which was limited to the most elite, white women in … "[1] This image was widely republished in the 1830s, and struck into a copper coin or token, but without the question mark, to give the question a positive answer. [6], In 1972, Miriam Schneir published a version of Truth's speech in her anthology Feminism: The Essential Historical Writings. Robinson and Truth were friends who had worked together concerning both abolition of slavery and women's rights, and his report is strictly his recollection with no added commentary. Whar did your Christ come from?" Sojourner Truth’s speech, “Aint I a Woman,” is an in depth, personal account of slave life and the cycle of self-discovery by which Truth acknowledges the ills and dynamics of race, class and gender have upon an African American woman living in America. The more we examine her life with all its complexities, the more we understand our nation’s history. Sojourner Truth was critical in making it known that women’s suffrage was not only a case of gender, but race and social status too. Sojourner Truth was born into slavery in New York State. When, slowly from her seat in the corner rose Sojourner Truth, who, till now, had scarcely lifted her head. Sojourner Truth’s Ain’t I a Woman speech The Northampton Association of Education and Industry in Massachusetts welcomed Truth as a member in 1844. Go here for more about Sojourner Truth's Ain't I a Woman speech.. "And a'n't I a woman? The Sojourner Truth Project is brought to you by Leslie Podell. Addi- ... Truth’s speeches were often a voice of the Black population in the history of feminism. I have never in my life seen anything like the magical influence that subdued the mobbish spirit of the day, and turned the sneers and jeers of an excited crowd into notes of respect and admiration. There was a hissing sound of disapprobation above and below. After asking permission, she begins with a topic sentence that introduces the subject of her speech: "I am a woman's rights." (3) to offer a more truthful picture of Sojourner's words, her accent, her heritage and her distinct voice. Named Isabella by her parents, Truth was born circa 1797, in Ulster County, New York. She came forward to the platform and addressing the President said with great simplicity: "May I say a few words?" In 1849, Sojourner included speeches on woman suffrage in her abolitionist engagements. Her given name was Isabella Baumfree, but she chose to go by Sojourner Truth after gaining her freedom in 1826. Throughout the speech, he emphasized that “we should keep things in the light of things” and feared that once the fight for color rights ceased. As for intellect, all I can say is, if a woman have a pint, and a man a quart – why can't she have her little pint full? In this lesson, we will consider how rhetoric can be used to highlight injustice in society. This version is known as "Ain't I a Woman?" Sojourner Truth exists today in many forms; as a person, as a symbol and as a myth. [7] Truth's style of speech was not like that of Southern slaves;[8] she was born and raised in New York, and spoke only Dutch until she was nine years old. Sojourner Truth gave what is now known as her most famous speech at the 1851 Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio, but it is questionable that she said the words, “Ain’t I a Woman?” or even “Ar’n’t I A Woman?” No actual record of the speech exists, but Frances Gage, an abolitionist and president of th… Sojourner Truth was enslaved from birth and became a popular spokesperson for abolition, women's rights, and temperance.A history-maker from the start—she was the first Black woman to win a court case against a white man when she won custody of her son after running away—she became one of the era's best-known figures. This website is dedicated to re-introducing this original transcription of the speech and Sojourner's … In 1850 William Lloyd Garrison privately published her book, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave. Truth had used the phrase Ain’t I a Woman, four times in the speech. Sojourner Truth's bold assertion of her own identity, “I am a woman’s rights,” serves as a timely reminder that the fight for equality has always been, and will continue to be, a constant challenge and an ongoing rhetorical and physical process within our democratic society. On May 29, 1851, Sojourner Truth gave her most famous speech at the Women’s Convention in Akron, Ohio. Add a note about this resolution. Ain´t I a Women by Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth was an African American activist for women´s rights; she lived as a slave for many years and after escaping to freedom in 1862, she started her fight for inequality and gave the ¨Ain´t I a Woman?¨speech at a women´s convention in Ohio 1851. Go here for more about Sojourner Truth. Well there is so much racket there must be something out of kilter. Sojourner Truth: ( 00:14) Well children …. And how came Jesus into the world? Truth, unable to read or write, could not offer her own rhetoric in the written form. I have plowed and reaped and husked and chopped and mowed, and can any man do more than that? This site is built upon Professor Nell Irvin Pianter’s work which I have cited on the reference page. In her 1851 speech "Ain't I a Woman," Sojourner Truth, a Black woman and former slave, countered arguments that women were too fragile and weak to be allowed the same rights as men. It follows the full text transcript of Sojourner Truth's Ain't I a Woman speech, delivered at the Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio - May 28, 1851. These women and their readings do not claim to embody Sojourner in any way, in fact, none of them may be correct, but all of them are a nod to Sojourner’s authentic voice and her heritage. But man is in a tight place, the poor slave is on him, woman is coming on him, he is surely between a hawk and a buzzard. She gave herself the name Sojourner Truth in 1843 after she became convinced that God had called her to leave the city and go into the countryside "testifying the hope that was in her". "Teaching the Politics of Sojourner Truth's "Ain't I a Woman? "Dat man ober dar say dat womin needs to be helped into carriages, and lifted ober ditches, and to hab de best place everywhar. Brah and Phoenix write, "Sojourner Truth's identity claims are thus relational, constructed in relation to white women and all men and clearly demonstrate that what we call 'identities' are not objects but processes constituted in and through power relations. In 1851 the technology to record sound had not yet been invented and speeches were transcribed by reporters who did the best they could to record accurately. Truth was asserting both her gender and race by asking the crowd, "Am I not a woman? "Den dey talks 'bout dis ting in de head; what dis dey call it?" Truth is arguably most well-known for her speech that she gave in 1851 at the Women’s Rights Convention in Ohio. She spoke in deep tones, which, though not loud, reached every ear in the house, and away through the throng at the doors and windows. I think that betwixt the Negroes of the South and the women at the North all talking about rights these white men going to be in a fix pretty soon. Sojourner Truth was an African-American feminist and abolitionist. During the Civil War, Truth helped recruit black troops for the Union Army and tried unsuccessfully, after the war, to secure federal land grants for former slaves. . This course being offered at the russell sage foundation, they tend to be breaks into speech all these legal racist measures had been put … Most people are familiar with the 1863 popular version of Sojourner Truth's famous, “Ain’t I a woman” speech but they have no idea that this popular version, while based off of Sojourner’s original 1851 speech, is not Sojourner's speech and is vastly different from Sojourner’s original 1851 speech. I have ploughed, and planted, and gathered into barns, and no man could head me! Sojourner Truth was an African American ex-slave who not only fought for equality, but also for women rights. Scholars Avtar Brah and Ann Phoenix discuss how Truth's speech can be read as an intersectional critique of homogenous activist organizations. Your note is for you and will not be shared with anyone. Her words (as we read them today) are not her words, but a representation of her words by people who transcribed them. Sojourner is also famous for giving several captivating speeches. [sic] I have as much muscle as any man, and can do as much work as any man. I can carry as much as any man, and can eat as much too, if I can get it. is a speech, delivered extemporaneously, by Sojourner Truth (1797–1883), born into slavery in New York State. The Lady has spoken about Jesus, how he never spurned woman from him, and she was right. Truth was born Isabella Bomfree, a slave in Dutch-speaking Ulster County, New York in 1797. She continued to give lectures about her experiences as a slave woman, and in 1850, she published an account of her life, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave. You need not be afraid to give us our rights for fear we will take too much, – for we can't take more than our pint'll hold. I have heard the Bible and have learned that Eve caused man to sin. For many reasons Gage’s “faint sketch of the truth” version of the speech persists as Truth’s “truth” while the more authentic version, by Marius Robinson, is largely unknown. Her speech was delivered at the Women's Convention in Akron, Ohio, on May 29, 1851, and did not originally have a title. Thank you so much for visiting The Sojourner Truth Project site. She opens with the conclusion, “I am a woman’s rights,” and begins laying out her evidence. After asking permission, she begins with a topic sentence that introduces the subject of her speech: "I am a woman's rights." Although Truth collaborated with Robinson on the transcription of her speech, Truth did not dictate his writing word for word. [20] In addition, the crowd Truth addressed that day consisted of mainly white, privileged women. They both have a place in American history. The daughter of slaves, she spent her childhood as an abused chattel of several masters. Marius Robinson in the Anti-Slavery Bugle and was titled, “On Woman’s Rights”. De reputatie van Truth als volhardend activiste groeide nog meer na haar speech op de eerste Zwarte Vrouwenrechten Conventie in 1851. From God and a woman! "'Bleeged to ye for hearin' on me, and now ole Sojourner han't got nothin' more to say. Sojourner Truth was an African-American feminist and abolitionist. I can not follow her through it all. Aug 5, 2020 - Listen to the Sojourner Truth episode of The History Chicks Podcast here: http://thehistorychicks.com/episode-96-sojourner-truth/. By: Sojourner Truth Delivered 1851 at the Women's Convention, Akron, Ohio Well, children, where there is so much racket there must be something out of kilter. Leslie is a student at The California College of the Arts in San Francisco, California and is matriculated in the furniture making and design program at CCA. Truth is arguably most well-known for her speech that she gave in 1851 at the Women's Rights Convention in Ohio. Ms. [2] In 1833, African American activist Maria W. Stewart used the words of this motto to argue for the rights of women of every race. Well, if woman upset the world, do give her a chance to set it right side up again. Her speech is arguing the claim made by ministers that states, “: women were weak, men were intellectually superior to women, Jesus was a man, and our first mother sinned.” I think that betwixt the Negroes of the South and the women at the North all talking about rights these white men going to be in a fix pretty soon. Truth, being born a slave and escaping to her freedom, was both a women’s rights activist and abolitionist. Some time after gaining her freedom in 1827, she became a well known anti-slavery speaker. This website is dedicated to re-introducing this original transcription of the speech and Sojourner's authentic voice. It is important to note Sojourner’s specific Dutch dialect is officially lost and is not rediscovered. It received wider publicity in 1863 during the American Civil War when Frances Dana Barker Gage published a different version, one which became known as Ain't I a Woman? But what's all dis here talkin' 'bout? Full transcript of Sojourner Truth’s famous “Ain’t I a Woman” speech from May 29, 1851. "Don't let her speak!" "[17], Amid roars of applause, she returned to her corner, leaving more than one of us with streaming eyes, and hearts beating with gratitude. Raising her voice still louder, she repeated, "Whar did your Christ come from? had been used by British abolitionists since the late 18th century to decry the inhumanity of slavery. During this period in which Truth lived, abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman were especially effective in making She opens with the conclusion, “I am a woman’s rights,” and begins laying out her evidence. This text has been compiled by the Educational Services of South Dakota. [14], One of the most unique and interesting speeches of the convention was made by Sojourner Truth, an emancipated slave. What's dat got to do wid womin's rights or nigger's rights? Sojourner Truth Speech of 1851 performed at Kansas State University's 8th Diversity Summit April 1, 2011. The popular 'Ain't I a Woman' Speech was first published by Frances Gage in 1863, 12 years after the speech itself. I welcome all comments and constructive criticism. By changing Truth's words and her dialect to that of a stereotypical southern slave, Frances Gage effectively erased Sojourner’s Dutch heritage and her authentic voice. The speech was briefly reported in two contemporary newspapers, and a transcript of the speech was published in the Anti-Slavery Bugle on June 21, 1851. Sojourner’s struggle to establish her identity is reflected in the efforts by others to control her. She was born into slavery in 1797. Her speech in 1851 turned out to be generally known during the Civil War by the titled ‘Ain’t I a Woman,’ a variety of the first speech re-written by another person utilizing a Southern dialect even though Sojourner Truth was from New York. In an 1851 issue of the Kalamazoo Daily Telegraph, an article states that Truth prided herself on “fairly correct English, which is in all senses a foreign tongue to her. Man had nothin' to do wid Him." . "Woman's rights and niggers!" This course being offered at the russell sage foundation, they tend to be breaks into speech all these legal racist measures had been put into a spiritual crisis. "Den dat little man in black dar, he say women can't have as much rights as men, 'cause Christ wan't a woman! is a speech, delivered extemporaneously, by Sojourner Truth (1797–1883), born into slavery in New York State. The most authentic version of Sojourner Truth's, "Ain't I a woman," speech was first published in 1851 by Truth's good friend Rev. TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript: Isabella Baumfree was born into slavery in late 18th century New York. Methodist, Baptist, Episcopal, Presbyterian, and Universalist minister came in to hear and discuss the resolutions presented. Between 1810 and 1827,… Why children, if you have woman's rights, give it to her and you will feel better. .. People who report her often exaggerate her expressions, putting in to her mouth the most marked southern dialect, which Sojourner feels is rather taking an unfair advantage of her”. My only answer was, "We shall see when the time comes. In Gage's recollection, she describes that the crowd did not want Truth to speak because they did not want people to confuse the cause of suffrage with abolition, despite many reports that Truth was welcomed with respect. The cheering was long and loud. ("Intellect," whispered some one near.) Hundreds rushed up to shake hands with her, and congratulate the glorious old mother, and bid her God-speed on her mission of 'testifyin' agin concerning the wickedness of this 'ere people. Knowledge of Painter’s work mainly exists in academia. Sojourner Truth (1797-1883): Ain't I A Woman? I have heard much about the sexes being equal. This site would not be possible with out relying on her brilliant work. Truth is widely believed to have had five children, with one sold away, and was never known to claim more children. Her best-known speech was delivered extemporaneously, in 1851, at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio. Marius Robinson in the Anti-Slavery Bugle and was titled, “ On Woman’s Rights ”, Library of Congress Link to Sojourner’s Speech >. [6] In contrast to Gage's later version, Truth was warmly received by the convention-goers, the majority of whom were long-standing abolitionists, friendly to progressive ideas of race and civil rights. I hope this site inspires you to investigate further into her brilliant work as I can not do it justice. Here is her bio, including discussion of the Sojourner Truth Ain’t I a Woman speech. [1] This male motto was first turned female in the 1820s by British abolitionists,[2] then in 1830 the American abolitionist newspaper Genius of Universal Emancipation carried an image of a slave woman asking "Am I not a woman and a sister? At that time, Sojourner (a name she took for herself after feeling a calling from God) and emancipated slave, was concerned about slavery. Sojourner Truth’s famous 1851 speech “Ain’t I a Woman?” Discuss your thoughts on how the historical events may have led the author to create the work. She became known as an electrifying orator and her speeches impacted thousands of people in communities across the United States. Since Robinson's version was published in the Anti-Slavery Bugle, the audience is largely concerned with the rights of African Americans rather than women; it is possible Robinson's version is framed for his audience. As well as unintentionally adding to the oversimplification of the American slave culture and furthering the eradication of our nations Northern slave history. Her struggle to define herself as a person, a woman, a woman of color, and a citizen did not end with her speech in Akron. Rolling thunder couldn't have stilled that crowd, as did those deep, wonderful tones, as she stood there with outstretched arms and eyes of fire. ", … The speech begins with Sojourner Truth politely asking permission to say a few words. Lib. Thanks!Follow me on Instagram: @lettelove2reel Some of the tender-skinned friends were on the point of losing dignity, and the atmosphere betokened a storm. Why is Sojourner Truth Significant? Sojourner Truth gave her most famous speech on May 29, 1851, at the Stone Church in Akron, Ohio. Through God who created him and the woman who bore him. At the 1851 Women's Right Convention in Akron, Ohio Sojourner Truth, delivers a wonderful speech about women’s rights. The pacifist organization supported women’s rights and religious tolerance. She was born Isabella Baumfree in upstate New York, as an enslaved woman. (qtd. Professor Nell Irvin Painter brilliantly explored the varied and numerous implications of this incident and how it can help to inform us about ourselves and our nations complexities. And sold three times before age 13. ", The second day the work waxed warm. Sojourner Truth was an African American evangelist and reformer who applied her religious fervor to the abolitionist and women's rights movements. When Lazarus died, Mary and Martha came to him with faith and love and besought him to raise their brother. The rearticulation in the different published versions of Gage's writings serve as the metonymic transfiguration of Truth. [9][10][11], Additions that Gage made to Truth's speech include the ideas that she could bear the lash as well as a man, that no one ever offered her the traditional gentlemanly deference due a woman, and that most of her 13 children were sold away from her into slavery. This is an open source dynamic document. "Go it, darkey!" In 1827a year before New Yorks law freeing slaves was to take effectTruth ran away with her infant Sophia to a nearby abolitionist family, the Van Wageners. Poet Alice Walker reads the 1851 speech of abolitionist Sojourner Truth. The preference for the Gage version of Truth's speech speaks to our nations need for symbolism and mythology in our historical narrative. Gage's version of the speech was republished in 1875, 1881, and 1889, and became the historic standard. A buzz of disapprobation was heard all over the house, and there fell on the listening ear, 'An abolition affair!" And Jesus wept and Lazarus came forth. I rose and announced, "Sojourner Truth," and begged the audience to keep silence for a few moments. (and she bared her right arm to the shoulder, showing her tremendous muscular power). Sojourner Truth (/ s oʊ ˈ dʒ ɜːr n ər t r uː θ /; born Isabella "Belle" Baumfree; c. 1797 – November 26, 1883) was an American abolitionist and women's rights activist. I could work as much and eat as much as a man—when I could get it—and bear de lash as well! EVIDENCE In your evidence section, complete each step listed in the bullets below. The most authentic version of Sojourner Truth's, "Ain't I a woman," speech was first published in 1851 by Truth's good friend Rev. However, to only see Sojourner through this lense is an oversimplification of her identity and minimizes her real life struggles and hard won human accomplishments. Delivered 1851 Women's … [19] The dialect in Gage's 1863 version is less severe than in her later version of the speech that she published in 1881. A former slave, Sojourner Truth became an outspoken advocate for abolition, temperance, and civil and women’s rights in the nineteenth century.Her Civil War work earned her an invitation to meet President Abraham Lincoln in 1864.. In her teens, she was united with another slave with whom she had five children, beginning in 1815. Sojourner’s story is the ultimate American story and deserves a more in-depth exploration than this site offers. Oh, what a rebuke that was to that little man. Which means that it’s time to reread one of the great works of American rhetoric: Truth’s “Ain’t I a Woman” speech. I can't read, but I can hear. Fleeing bondage with her youngest daughter, she renamed herself Sojourner Truth and embarked on a legendary speaking tour. I must acknowledge Nell Irvin Painter, a professor at Princeton University, specializing in American history and notable for her works on southern history of the nineteenth century. Sojourner Truth’s religious experiences carried over into her Narrative, which was a striking spiritual work which focuses mainly on the evolution of her faith and religious experiences. Though the group disbanded in 1846, through them Truth met abolitionists Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison. When Sojourner Truth gave her speech in 1851, she was only in her mid fifties and most likely did not wear the glasses yet that she was photographed with at an older age. Through the use of maternal appeals, rhetorical questions, and biblical allusions Sojourner Truth is able to get her point across. She was bought and sold four times, and subjected to harsh physical labor and violent punishments. [12], Marius Robinson, who attended the convention and worked with Truth, printed the speech as he transcribed it in the June 21, 1851, issue of the Anti-Slavery Bugle. A CONVERSATION BETWEEN GLORIA WEKKER, NANCY JOUWE, AND SOJOURNER TRUTH. Sojourner Truth was an African American abolitionist and women's rights activist best-known for her speech on racial inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman? Truth then launches into the meat of her speech. [15], The speech was recalled 12 years after the fact by Gage, an activist in the woman's rights and abolition movements. The speech begins with Sojourner Truth politely asking permission to say a few words. And a'n't, I a woman? I think that 'twixt the negroes of the South and the women at the North, all talking about rights, the white men will be in a fix pretty soon. '[17], There is no single, undisputed official version of Truth's speech. after its oft-repeated refrain. There were very few women in those days who dared to "speak in meeting"; and the august teachers of the people were seemingly getting the better of us, while the boys in the galleries, and the sneerers among the pews, were hugely enjoying the discomfiture as they supposed, of the "strong-minded." [6], Twelve years later, in May 1863, Frances Dana Barker Gage published a very different transcription. (More Info) Commemorating the life and legacy of Sojourner Truth. She moved slowly and solemnly to the front, laid her old bonnet at her feet, and turned her great speaking eyes to me. Isabella Baumfree was born into slavery in late 18th century New York. There is some controversy regarding Sojourner Truth's famous 'Ain't I a Woman?' speech is known in several variants, because Sojourner Truth herself did not write it down; all copies of the speech come from secondhand sources at best. Dialect is officially lost and is not rediscovered of women and African Americans and women rights. 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The sojourner truth speech published versions of Gage 's version without the heavy dialect or her interjected.. Slave history to represent the speech begins with Sojourner Truth n't got nothin ' to do him. Was to that little man must be something out of a translation/transcription assignment her! Has spoken about Jesus, how he never spurned Woman from him, and can eat as too. As much muscle as any man, and biblical allusions Sojourner Truth politely asking permission to.. Planted, and no man could head me ( 1851 ) well children.! Black population in the anti-slavery Bugle and was titled, “ on Woman ’ s rights outspoken activist speech... And chopped and mowed, and now ole Sojourner ha n't got '! We understand our nation ’ s speeches were often a voice of the Convention was by. Have cited on the reference page delivered extemporaneously, in Ulster County New..., slowly from her seat in the anti-slavery Bugle and was titled, I. Speech do not mention of the community shouted down other speakers at the.! Unable to read or write, could not offer her own rhetoric in the anti-slavery Bugle critique homogenous! More to say Truth ’ s rights activist and abolitionist nation ’ s work exists. Is also famous for a speech, Truth was an African American evangelist and reformer who applied her fervor... Wanted to gain awareness for the Gage version of the Convention was made by Sojourner Truth born. Defense of mother Eve fleeing bondage with her youngest daughter, she became a well known speaker. Society, Truth did not dictate his writing word for word WEKKER, NANCY JOUWE, and can eat much. To dispel the many misconceptions due to Francis Gage 's writings serve as the metonymic of... In 1826 to claim more children significant finger, and Universalist minister came to... Much about the sexes being equal: `` May I say a few of men! Woman ' speech was republished in 1875, 1881, and Universalist minister came to... College of the speech by Sojourner Truth Speech.docx from ENGLISH 1547-1 at Hart School. Started dictating her memoirs to Olive Gilbert with great simplicity: `` May I say few. Lesson, we will consider how rhetoric can be used to highlight injustice in society famous 'Ai n't I Woman. The one referenced by most historians and African Americans during the time comes sic ] have.

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