COP = Coefficient of Performance, ratio used to evaluate efficiency of heating or cooling systems. COP ratings range from 1.5 to 4 and performance is dependent upon where geographically they are installed. The COP of the refrigerator and air-conditioner can be less than one or greater than one. BTU stands for British Thermal Unit and is standard for measuring heating capacity. Heat Pump (Total Cost) = Initial Cost Of Heat Pump + Electricity Costs . heat pumps is relatively high and its activity occurs more often without any rela-tion to weather conditions compared to air source heat pumps. Heat pumps are systems that are characterized by the high output/input ratio. The objective of using a heat pump calculator is to determine the size, cost and eventual cost savings of the heat pump system you will need based on your heating requirements. f. For VRF Multi-Split Heat Pump Systems that Use a … It is possible to use heat pumps to keep your home warm in the winter months, as well as heat your hot water. What is COP : definition and formula. All irreversible refrigerators or heat pumps working between the same two reservoirs have lower COPs. Average input energy is equal to ¼ of the output energy. Related Content. Methods 2.1 Coefficient of performance (COP) of heat pump The formula of ideal heat pump COP: 1H L H L H L T TCOP T T T T = = + − − (1) Where TH is the temperature of the heat sink, that is, the condensation side temperature, K; TL is the temperature of the heat source, that is, the temperature of the evaporation side,K. A heat pump deliver 50000 Btu/h with a total input of 7 kW: COP = (50000 Btu/h) / (3413 (7 kW)) = 2.1. The result is a useful equation for calculating the COP R. What is correct formula for calculating COP of heat pump? Keywords: Heat Pump, COP, System Integration, Generalized Model, Energy Efficiency, Economic 1. COP of a Heat Pump Used for Home Heating 8 pts; At steady-state, a house loses 10 kW of heat to the surroundings when the outdoor temperature is 0 o C and the indoor temperature is 22 o C. This energy must be replaced by a heat pump that uses R-134a as the working fluid. The vapour is dry saturated at inlet to the compressor. Conventional heat pumps have COP of 2 - 5, delivering 2 to 5 times the energy they consume. Simultaneous Cooling and Heating Efficiency (SCHE) (50% heating/50% cooling). ); marco.fossa@unige.it (M.F.) COP R,rev (or COP HP,rev) is the highest COP a refrigerator (or a heat pump) which operates between a high-temperature reservoir at temperature T H and a low-temperature reservoir at temperature T L can reach. In a refrigeration cycle, the desired output is Q C, because the goal is to remove heat from the cold reservoir. Then the COP of the heat pump will be 2.5. Maximum theoretical efficiency for a heating process is. A typical heat pump will have a COP of approximately 6.0 when the … Formula for COP of heat pump - Thermodynamics. Calculate the amount of heat (Q hot) the heat pump can add to a room?If the heat pump were turned to the cooling mode (i.e. Maximum COP . COP stands for Coefficient of Performance and is frequently used with heat pumps. Therefore, [COP] H.P. What is a BTU? Modelling Heat Pumps with Variable EER and COP in EnergyPlus: A Case Study Applied to Ground Source and Heat Recovery Heat Pump Systems Antonella Priarone *, Federico Silenzi and Marco Fossa DIME, University of Genova, Via all’Opera Pia 15a, 16145 Genova, Italy; federico.silenzi@edu.unige.it (F.S. Example - COP Heat Pump Cooling Cycle. Using Them to Heat and Cool. Example - Hot Water Radiator System. These calculators offer various variables and it is a good idea to try them all to get a good idea of what is involved in calculating heat pump requirements. Fluid … This means that 2 kW of cooling power is achieved for each kW of power consumed by the pump’s compressor. A reversible heat pump has a coefficient of performance, COP = 3.0, when operated in the heating mode.Its compressor consumes 1500 W of electric energy.. Heat Pump Calculators. Each watt of power consumed produces 1 Watt of heat. However, they can also be used to keep everything nice and cool in the summer. 4,2 bedeutet, dass von der eingesetzten elektrischen Leistung des Kompressors das 4,2- fache an Wärmeleistung bereitgestellt wird. The cold body is cooled more and more. The COP for heat pumps tends to range from 3.2 to 5.2, depending on the same criteria as before. Thermodynamic heat pump cycles or refrigeration cycles are the conceptual and mathematical models for heat pump, air conditioning and refrigeration systems. Je höher ihr Betrag ist, umso sparsamer arbeitet eine Wärmepumpe. Therefore, the produced heat and the supplied power employ the same units during COP calculation. Assume evaporator effluent is a saturated vapor and the condenser effluent is a saturated liquid. A heat pump generally comprises four key components which include a condenser, a compressor, an expansion valve and an evaporator. Next we use the 1st Law to eliminate Wref from the equation. Example – Heat Pump – Heating and Air Conditioning. Heat pump and refrigerator are two names of the same device.. INTRODUCTION To minimize CO 2 emissions from heat and power productions, the future energy system will to a large extend be based on electrical power from renewable sources as hydro, wind, and solar power. The COP of an air source heat pump decreases as the outside temperature drops. Calculate the thermal advantage (Coefficient of Performance) for the heat pump. Der Wert wird allerdings im Labor gemessen, weshalb die tatsächliche Effizienz anders ausfallen kann. Second, it means that heat pumps work best when temperature differences are small. From the above formula of the COP you will find that: COP of Heat Pump = 1 + COP of the Refrigerator. - Published on 19 Aug 15. a. The higher the air temperature, the higher the COP. And that it generates this by using 2kW of electrical energy and 3kW of energy from outside air. COP=Q/W. According to the above formula, the maximum achievable COP for T hot = 35 °C (308 K) and T cold = 0 °C (273 K) would be 8.8. So, COP R = Q C over W ref. At the evaporator side 3,0-3,5 kW of heat is extracted. Hence for a reversible heat engine. The heat pump cycle uses an ideal cycle with an evaporator at 5oC and a condenser at 12.19 bar. Heating Cycle . = Desired effect / Work input [COP] H.P = Q1 / W and the work input is given by, W = Q1 – Q2 From the equations of [COP] ref and [COP] H.P, b. Sie beschreibt das Verhältnis aus nutzbarer und aufgebrachter Energie. COP das Verhältnis der abgegebenen Heizleistung einer Wärmepumpe zur aufgewendeten elektrischen Leistung des Verdichters an. The above formula also shows that the COP of the heat pump can never … Eine Leistungszahl von z. COP = Output heating or cooling in Wh / input electrical energy in Wh Note that for cooling system it is better to use EER coefficient. The additional heat is generated by the compressor. The condenser produces liquid at 45oC. But in reality the best systems are around 4.5. In the equation, Q is the useful heat supplied by the heat pump, and W is the energy required to operate the heat pump. Coefficient of Performance (COP) of Heat pump and Refrigerator. B. Here’s the formula to calculate it for yourself, EER = .875 x SEER. The plant is to deliver 40 kW of heat. The heat source temperature and its constancy during a year depend very strongly on the type of heat source. Outside air shows the widest bandwidth with 36 K and an average temperature of 2.8 °C. COP = 500 q dt / 3143 P (1) where . The working substance used in these components is called refrigerant. [COP] H. P. = Q1 / W . Water and ground source heat pumps normally have COPs of 3-5 (Soltani et al., 2015). η REV = 1- (T 2 /T 1). When we use this device to remove heat then it is called a refrigerator and when we use this device to obtain heat then it is called a heat pump. As can be seen, the COP of a heat pump system can be improved by reducing the temperature difference (T hot – T cold). Compare it with a boiler running at 90% thermal efficiency. The COP of a heat pump generally measures between 5 and 6, which translates to an efficiency rate between 500% and 600%. Low Temperature Coefficient of Performance, COP e. For VRF Multi-Split Heat Recovery Heat Pumps 1. The Seasonal Performance Factor (SPF) is a measure of how energy efficient your heat pump is. Home >> Category >> Mechanical Engineering (MCQ) questions and answers >> Thermodynamics; Q. [COP] ref = Desired effect / Work input [COP] ref = Q2 / W [COP] H.P And in heat pump, the desired effect is to maintain temperature of the body B more than the surrounding temperature. In refrigerators and heat pumps the performance is measured by COP which is desired effect divided by the net work done. The required input is the work input, W ref. Some of you have requested an HSPF calculation that could explain that (and we’ve prepared it). Heater size is measured in BTU output. COP may also be used for domestic heating. The higher the number the less it will cost to operate. Wärmepumpen. High Temperature Coefficient of Performance, COP 6. First, since the efficiency of any heat engine is less than 1, it means that COP hp is always greater than 1—that is, a heat pump always has more heat transfer Q h than work put into it. d. [COP] H. P. = W / Q2. An electric heater has a COP of 1. ANSWER: [COP] H. P. = Q1 / W . Air source heat pumps generally have COPs ranging from 2 to 4, indicating that they deliver 2-4 times more thermal energy than they consume in terms of electrical energy. For a heat pump a COP value of 4 means that the addition of 1 kW of electric energy is needed to have a release of 4 kW of heat at the condensor. A heat pump is a mechanical system that allows for the transmission of heat from one location (the "source") at a lower temperature to another location (the "sink" or "heat sink") at a higher temperature. Heat pumps transfer heat from cold body to a hot body by the expense of mechanical energy supplied to it by an external agent. A given heat pump used for air cooling has a COP = 2. This mean that for 1 W of electric energy heat pump transfer from the ground 3 W of geothermal additional energy which if we neglect loses is equal to the 4 W of thermal energy. Ratings Appropriate in (c) and (d) above 2. The real question is, does the lower running electricity costs justify the higher initial cost of a high HSPF heat pump. Der COP (Coefficient of Performance) ist eine Kennzahl für die Effizienz einer Wärmepumpe. A heat pump deliver 60000 Btu/h with a total electric input of 9 kW: COP = (60000 Btu/h) / (3413 (9 kW)) = 1.95. [COP] H. P. = Q2 / W. c. [COP] H. P. = W / Q1. In technical formula, COP is written as Q/W, where Q is the heat generated and W is the power used. Bei elektrischen Wärmepumpen (WP) mit Kältemittel gibt die Leistungszahl bzw. COP is indicated without units. Assuming 5KW is the heat output by the heat pump. Low Temperature Heating Standard Rating Capacity, Btu/h [W] 7. Read a full explanation and download a calculation template to use in your application for the Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive. COP measures how many times more efficient the heat pump is than electric resistance heat with an efficiency of 100%. 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